If football is considered as the “King” sport of summer Olympic, then ice hockey also stands such important position during winter Olympic.
The long-lasting origin
There have been many hypotheses about the origins of ice hockey, however, until now, most of people still believed that this sports origins from an ancient Greek game, which was name “keritizein”. Since the end of XVIII decade, ice hockey had been completed gradually by British until it became an integrated kind of sports like nowadays.
According to the rules of Men’s Ice Hockey World Championships League (IIHF), the competing match pitch needs to meet several demands and requirements about the size (60.98x30m). The playing rules are quite simple as each team has 6 players using slideboard (made of wood, aluminum or synthetic resins…) to hit the ball into the competitor’s goal. Each play lasts 60 minutes and is divided into 3 rounds, interval time is not counted. The biggest difference between football and ice hockey is that ice hockey match does not set limits on the amount of players’ changing turns. The interval time between each round is from 15’30s to 17’.
Firstly making debut in the Summer Olympic
Ice hockey was firstly seen and recognized in the Summer Olympic in 1920 in Belgium. After this season, this sport was re-classified to be a winter sport, therefore, took place at the winter Olympic 2004 and most recently, the Winter Olympic in 2014, in Sochi, Russia.
7 nations including Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden and USA, are considered the most successful nations in developing and nurturing the culture of ice hockey. In the male field, there have been only 6/64 titles which did not belong to any of these 7 nations. When it comes to the female matches, the worldwide champion title has always been the competition among these 7 above nations, while the gold medal is tailored for Canada or America.